Background Check

The process of verifying the criminal and/or security background of visa applicants to determine their admissibility to Canada involves several steps and procedures.

It is important to note that the specific procedures and requirements may vary depending on the type of visa or immigration program being applied for, as well as any specific agreements or arrangements between countries.

Best Interest Of a Child (BIOC)

BIOC, which stands for Best Interest of the Child, is a concept frequently considered in humanitarian cases, particularly in situations such as (1) Humanitarian and Compassionate (H&C) applications and (2) cases involving the potential loss of permanent resident status.

1. H&C Applications: In H&C applications, individuals who do not meet the regular requirements for immigration or permanent residency in Canada can seek consideration based on humanitarian and compassionate grounds. When assessing such applications, authorities take into account the best interest of any children involved. This means considering how a decision could impact the well-being, welfare, and overall development of the children affected by the immigration process.

2. Losing Permanent Resident Status: In cases where a permanent resident of Canada is at risk of losing their status, the best interest of any children involved is also taken into account. Authorities consider factors such as the length of time the child has resided in Canada, their ties to the country, their integration into Canadian society, and the potential impact of the parent’s loss of status on the child’s well-being and development.

The BIOC principle ensures that the welfare and best interests of children are given significant consideration in immigration-related decisions, with a focus on promoting their overall protection and well-being.


BIL, which stands for Biometrics Instruction Letter, is an official letter issued by immigration authorities that requests an individual to provide their biometric information within a specified timeframe. Biometrics typically include fingerprints and photographs, and the collection of this data is a standard part of the immigration and visa application process in many countries.

The BIL serves as a notification to the applicant, outlining the requirement to visit a designated location (such as a visa application center) to have their biometrics recorded. It includes details such as the deadline for compliance, the necessary documents to bring, and the location where the biometrics should be submitted.
The purpose of the BIL is to ensure that the applicant’s biometric data is collected and linked to their immigration or visa application, aiding in identity verification and security checks as part of the overall assessment process.


Biometrics refers to the process of capturing and recording unique physical characteristics of an individual for identification purposes. In the context of immigration and security procedures, biometrics typically involve taking a digital photograph of the person’s face and collecting digital fingerprints.

Digital Photo: A digital photo captures the facial features of the individual, including their eyes, nose, and mouth. This photo is often used for identification and verification purposes, allowing authorities to match the photo with the person’s identity.

Digital Fingerprints: Digital fingerprints are obtained by scanning the person’s fingertips using a specialized fingerprint reader. This process captures the unique patterns and ridges on the fingers, creating a digital record of the individual’s fingerprints.

Both the digital photo and fingerprints are stored securely and used for identity verification, background checks, and security screening purposes. Biometric data provides a more reliable and accurate means of confirming someone’s identity compared to traditional identification methods, helping to enhance security measures and prevent identity fraud.


The British North America Act (BNA Act) of 1867, also referred to as the Constitution Act, 1867 of Canada, was a significant piece of legislation in Canadian history. It was an act passed by the British Parliament that established the Dominion of Canada, uniting the separate British colonies of Canada, New Brunswick, and Nova Scotia into a single federation.

The BNA Act outlined the framework for the division of powers between the federal government and the provincial governments within Canada. It established key institutions and governance structures, including the Parliament of Canada, the Senate, and the House of Commons. The act also defined the powers and responsibilities of each level of government, including areas such as trade, defense, taxation, and immigration.

Additionally, the BNA Act laid the foundation for Canada’s constitutional structure and provided the country with a degree of self-governance, while still recognizing its ties to the British Crown. It served as Canada’s primary constitutional document until the enactment of the Constitution Act, 1982, which included the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms.

Overall, the BNA Act of 1867 was a pivotal piece of legislation that shaped the constitutional framework and governance structure of Canada, laying the groundwork for the development of the nation as it exists today.

Board Member

A Board Member, within the context of the Immigration and Refugee Board (IRB) of Canada, refers to a decision-maker who is an employee of the IRB. The IRB is an independent administrative tribunal responsible for making decisions on immigration and refugee matters in Canada.

Board Members play a crucial role in the IRB’s decision-making process. They are appointed and trained to assess and make rulings on various types of cases, such as refugee claims, immigration appeals, and detention reviews. Board Members review the evidence presented, hear testimonies from individuals involved in the proceedings, and consider relevant laws, regulations, and policies in reaching their decisions.

Board Members are expected to exercise impartiality, fairness, and expertise in their roles. They are responsible for upholding the principles of natural justice, ensuring that all parties involved have a fair opportunity to present their case and be heard. Their decisions impact the outcomes and rights of individuals involved in immigration and refugee matters, and their expertise contributes to the overall integrity and effectiveness of the IRB’s decision-making process.


The Basis of Claim (BOC) is a form used in the context of refugee claims in Canada. Specifically, it refers to the form RPD.02.01, which is completed by individuals seeking refugee protection to provide a detailed description of the reasons for their claim.

The BOC form allows claimants to outline the circumstances, events, and factors that have led them to seek protection as a refugee in Canada. It provides an opportunity for individuals to present their case and explain why they fear persecution or face significant harm in their home country. The form typically includes sections where claimants can describe their personal background, the specific incidents or threats they have experienced, and any supporting evidence they may have.

The BOC form is an essential document in the refugee determination process, as it helps the Refugee Protection Division (RPD) of the Immigration and Refugee Board (IRB) assess the claimant’s eligibility for refugee status. The information provided in the BOC form, along with any supporting documentation and testimonies, is considered in determining whether the claimant meets the legal criteria to be recognized as a refugee in Canada.

It is crucial for claimants to complete the BOC form accurately and comprehensively, as it serves as a primary basis for evaluating the validity and credibility of their refugee claim.

Border Services Officer (BSO)

A BSO, which stands for Border Services Officer, is an employee of the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) who is responsible for examining individuals intending to enter Canada. BSOs play a crucial role in maintaining the integrity and security of Canada’s borders and enforcing immigration and customs regulations.

When individuals arrive at a port of entry, such as an airport, seaport, or land border crossing, BSOs are stationed to conduct inspections and assessments. Their duties include verifying travel documents, such as passports and visas, interviewing travelers to determine their purpose of entry, and assessing their admissibility to Canada based on immigration laws and regulations.

BSOs have the authority to conduct searches, seize prohibited items, and detain individuals who may be in violation of immigration or customs laws. They may also work closely with other law enforcement agencies to address security concerns and prevent smuggling or other illegal activities.

The role of a BSO requires strong communication and decision-making skills, as well as knowledge of immigration laws, customs regulations, and security protocols. They are responsible for ensuring the smooth and efficient flow of legitimate travelers while protecting the borders of Canada.

Bridging Open Work Permit (BOWP)

BOWP, which stands for Bridging Open Work Permit, is a special type of open work permit offered by Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) to eligible skilled workers who are already in Canada. The purpose of the Bridging Open Work Permit is to allow individuals to continue working in Canada while they await the processing of their immigration application.

The BOWP is designed for individuals who have submitted an application for permanent residence in Canada and have a valid work permit that is set to expire before a decision is made on their application. Instead of having to cease working or leave the country, eligible applicants can apply for a Bridging Open Work Permit to maintain their status as temporary residents and continue working in Canada until a decision is reached on their permanent residence application.

The BOWP provides flexibility and continuity for eligible skilled workers, allowing them to avoid disruptions to their employment and remain in Canada while their immigration application is being processed. It is important to note that specific eligibility criteria and application requirements apply, and individuals must meet the necessary qualifications to be considered for a Bridging Open Work Permit.