The Alberta Immigrant Nominee Program (AINP) is a provincial nominee program (PNP) specific to the province of Alberta in Canada. It is designed to facilitate the immigration of skilled workers, entrepreneurs, and international graduates who have the intention to settle in Alberta.

Under the AINP, there are various streams and categories through which individuals can apply for nomination by the province. These streams include the Alberta Opportunity Stream (AOS), the Alberta Express Entry Stream, the Self-Employed Farmer Stream, and the Alberta Foreign Graduate Entrepreneur Program.

The AINP enables the Alberta government to nominate candidates who possess the skills and qualifications that align with the province’s economic needs and labor market demands. Successful nominees can then apply for permanent residence in Canada through the federal immigration system, enhancing their opportunities for long-term settlement in Alberta.


When filing for refugee status in Canada, individuals receive an Acknowledgement of Claim (AOC) letter from immigration authorities. This letter serves as confirmation of the claim’s submission and typically signifies eligibility for the Interim Federal Health Program (IFHP). The IFHP provides temporary healthcare coverage to refugees during the processing of their claim, ensuring access to essential medical services and support.

APR: Application for Permanent Resident

Application for Permanent Resident: This refers to the formal submission made by an individual seeking to obtain permanent resident status in a particular country. The application typically includes the necessary forms, supporting documents, and fees required by the immigration authorities to assess eligibility for permanent residency.

APR: Authorized Paid Representative

Authorized Paid Representative: An Authorized Paid Representative is a designated individual who is permitted to provide professional representation and assistance on behalf of an applicant or petitioner during the immigration process. They are authorized by the relevant immigration authorities to act as representatives and may include immigration consultants, lawyers, or other authorized professionals who offer their services for a fee. The representative helps navigate the complexities of the immigration process, communicates with the immigration authorities, and advocates for the applicant’s interests.


Atlantic Standard Time (AST) is a time zone observed in several locations, including Halifax, Fredericton, and Charlottetown. It is four hours behind Coordinated Universal Time (UTC-4). This time zone is primarily used in the Atlantic provinces of Canada, specifically in Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, and parts of Labrador in Newfoundland and Labrador. It is important to note that during daylight saving time, these locations may switch to Atlantic Daylight Time (ADT) which is UTC-3.


ATIP, which stands for Access to Information and Privacy, refers to a process that allows individuals to request access to government records and personal information held by federal institutions in Canada. The ATIP system is governed by the Access to Information Act and the Privacy Act, which provide a framework for transparency and protection of personal information.

Under the ATIP process, individuals can submit formal requests to federal institutions seeking access to specific records or information. The institutions are then required to respond within a designated timeframe, either granting access to the requested information or providing valid reasons for denial. This process promotes openness, accountability, and the protection of privacy rights for individuals seeking access to government-held information.

Under the ATIP (Access to Information and Privacy) process in Canada, immigration or visa applicants have the option to request their GCMS (Global Case Management System) notes. These notes contain detailed information about the status and progress of an individual’s immigration application, including any reasons for refusal or other relevant updates.

By submitting an ATIP request, applicants can obtain access to their GCMS notes, which can provide valuable insights into the decision-making process and help them understand the specific reasons behind a refusal or the current status of their application. This allows applicants to gather more information and potentially address any concerns or deficiencies identified in their immigration application.


AWR stands for Women at Risk, which is a program or designation that is often used in the context of refugee resettlement. AWR refers to women who are considered particularly vulnerable and face a heightened risk of persecution, violence, or harm due to their gender, such as survivors of gender-based violence, female-headed households, or women belonging to marginalized groups.

The Women at Risk designation recognizes the unique protection needs of these individuals and aims to prioritize their resettlement and provide them with appropriate support and services. It acknowledges the specific challenges and vulnerabilities faced by women in situations of displacement and seeks to ensure their safety and well-being throughout the resettlement process.

Background Check

The process of verifying the criminal and/or security background of visa applicants to determine their admissibility to Canada involves several steps and procedures.

It is important to note that the specific procedures and requirements may vary depending on the type of visa or immigration program being applied for, as well as any specific agreements or arrangements between countries.

Best Interest Of a Child (BIOC)

BIOC, which stands for Best Interest of the Child, is a concept frequently considered in humanitarian cases, particularly in situations such as (1) Humanitarian and Compassionate (H&C) applications and (2) cases involving the potential loss of permanent resident status.

1. H&C Applications: In H&C applications, individuals who do not meet the regular requirements for immigration or permanent residency in Canada can seek consideration based on humanitarian and compassionate grounds. When assessing such applications, authorities take into account the best interest of any children involved. This means considering how a decision could impact the well-being, welfare, and overall development of the children affected by the immigration process.

2. Losing Permanent Resident Status: In cases where a permanent resident of Canada is at risk of losing their status, the best interest of any children involved is also taken into account. Authorities consider factors such as the length of time the child has resided in Canada, their ties to the country, their integration into Canadian society, and the potential impact of the parent’s loss of status on the child’s well-being and development.

The BIOC principle ensures that the welfare and best interests of children are given significant consideration in immigration-related decisions, with a focus on promoting their overall protection and well-being.